The Ancient City of Polonnaruwa is one of the eight World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka. Visit the second most ancient kingdom of Sri Lanka. A site with enormous Buddha sculptures, stupas and rich in history and architecture. The irrigation systems that are far superior to that of the Anuradhapura Age and to this day supply the water essential for paddy cultivation. The toque macaque, which is the breed of monkeys living in the ruins have been thriving in this kingdom for centuries. They were featured in the Disney’s nature film entitled Monkey Kingdom.
The giant tank or lake in Polonnaruwa which is called Parakrama Samudra, means the ‘sea of Parakrama’ is a marvel creation by the Great Parakramabahu I who is the most popular ruler in Polonnaruwa. The most iconic monument in Polonnaruwa is the Gal Vihara, a combination of four large statues of Buddha carved in a single granite stone, a reclining , a standing and two seated. It is also a finest evidence to show the talent of the ancient Sri Lankan sculptors and the details of these monuments are still well preserved. Although Polonnaruwa does not have any giant Stupas or Dagobas like of those in Anuradhapura, there are evidence that the great Parakrmabahu started building one to resemble Ruwanweliseaya in Anuradhapura is called Rankoth (Golden Pinnacle) Vehera which is 55 meters high is the largest dagoba in Polonnaruwa.